<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"> <html> <head><title>BIN LUN </title> <meta name="keywords"content=" BIN LUN, LCH S, VN NGH, ,TRUYEN NGAN,TRUYEN DAI, TIEU THUYET, TRUYEN, TRUYEN VIET NAM, TRUYN NGN, TRUYN, TRUYN DI, TIU THUYT, TRUYN VIT NAM "> <meta name="description" content=", BIN LUN, LCH S, VN NGH, TRUYEN NGAN, H NI ,TRUYEN DAI, TIEU THUYET, TRUYEN, TRUYEN VIET NAM, TRUYN NGN, TRUYN, TRUYN DI, TIU THUYT, TRUYN VIT NAM "> <meta name="abstract" content=" VAN CHUONG "> <meta name="author" content="DUONGTUVU"> <meta name="copyright" content="NEWVIETART- 2007"> <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"> <meta name="language" content="fr"> <meta http-equiv="Content-Language" content="fr"> <META NAME="ROBOTS" CONTENT="index, follow"> <meta name="revisit-after" content="3"> <META NAME="CLASSIFICATION" CONTENT="Entertainmemt"> <META NAME="DISTRIBUTION" CONTENT="Global"> <meta name="reply-to" content="newvietart@yahoo.com"> <meta name="identifier-url" content="http://newvietart.com"> <meta name="subject" content=" tho truyen , litterature vietnamienne"> <meta name="expires" content="never"> <meta name="location" content="France, FRANCE, vietnam, VIETNAM"> <meta name="rating" CONTENT="general"> </head> <body topmargin="10" marginwidth="10" marginheight="10"BGCOLOR="#E7F0FF"> <div align="center"> <TABLE BORDER="10" WIDTH="97%" height="90%" BGCOLOR="#C4DAFF"> <TD align="center" WIDTH="300" VALIGN="top" " ="0" cellpaing="0" BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF"> <P> <BR><BR><BR><BR><BR><B><font color="#9900FF" size="5" face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif "align="Center">TC GI <BR>TC PHM <BR><BR> <img src="images/hoa110.gif" border="0" width="120" height="70" alt=""> <BR><BR> <img src="images/thephong100.jpg" border="0" width="250" height="100" alt=""> <BLOCKQUOTE> <img src="images/thephong.jpg" border="0" width="128" height="185" alt=""><BR><BR> <div align="justify"><B><font color="#0000CC" size="2" face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"> Tn tht  Mnh Tng. <BR><BR> Sinh ngy 10-7-1932 ti Yn Bi<BR> trong giy t tu thn 1936. <BR><BR>Khi s vit vn cui 1952.<BR><BR> Truyn ngn u tin i hc sinh k Tng Huyn ng trn nht bo Tia sng  H Ni (17-11-1952), Ng Vn, Ch nhim). <BR><BR>Truyn di u tin in  Si Gn: Tnh Sn N (1954).<BR><BR> Tng s trn 50 tc phm  th loi: th, truyn, ph bnh, kho lun, dch thut.<BR><BR>T 1952,  H Ni cng tc vi cc nht bo Tia sng, Giang Sn, tp ch Qu hng, phng vin cc bo Thn Dn (Nguyn Th Truyn), Dn ch (Vi Ngc Cc) (H Ni: 1952-1954). Ch nhim tun bo Mch Sng, Dng H ch bt - bo ch xut bn c mt s ri t nh bn vo 1955  Si Gn.<BR><BR> Cng tc vin, tp ch  Si Gn: i Mi, Ngun Sng Mi, Vn Ngh Tp San, Vn Ho Chu, Tn Dn, Tp ch Sng (Ng Trng Hiu), Sinh Lc, i, Nht Bo Sng, Tun bo i (Chu T), Trnh By, Tin Tuyn, Sng Thn (Uyn Thao), L Tng,v.v& -<BR><BR> ng truyn ngn Les Immondices dans la banlieue trn bo Le Monde Diplomatique (Paris 12-1970) <BR><BR>ng th trn tp ch Tenggara, Kuala Lumpur - Malaysia) t 1968-1972- sau in li thnh tp: Asian Morning, Western Music (Si Gn 1971, ta Gs Lloyd Fernando). <BR><BR> <div align="center"><BR> <img src="images/barre11.gif" border="0" width="200" height="40" alt=""><BR><BR><BR><BR> <B><font color="#FF1493" size="4" face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif "align="Center"> BT K & TRUYN </FONT><B><BR><BR><BR> <font color="#CC00FF" size="2" face="Tahoma, Helvetica, sans-serif "align="justify"> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.135.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 1/2 </A> <BR> <BR><A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.146.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E -mail 2/2 </A> <BR> <BR><A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.320.html">CHNG VN S( T T </A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.338.html"> M DI TNH I </A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.361.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 3</A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.352.html"> H NI BN MI NM XA -Chng 1 K 1</A><BR><BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.366.html"> H NI BN MI NM XA - Chng 1 K 2</A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.373.html"> H NI BN MI NM XA - Chng 2 </A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.382.html"> H NI BN MI NM XA - Chng 3 </A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.399.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 2/2</A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.409.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 3</A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.419.html"> H NI BN MI NM XA - Chng 3 tip theo </A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.437.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 4</A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.447.html"> H NI BN MI NM XA - Chng 4 </A><BR> <BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.466.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 5</A> <BR><BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.474.html"> CON CH LIM S </A><BR><BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.479.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 6</A> <BR><BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.489.html"> H NI BN MI NM XA - Chng 5 </A><BR><BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.500.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 7</A> <BR><BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.509.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 8</A> <BR><BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.530.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 9</A> <BR><BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index3.544.html"> TH VIT  SIGN - E-mail 10 - KT</A> <BR><BR> <BR> <img src="images/hoabe.gif" border="0" width="30" height="30" alt=""> <BR><BR><BR> <B><font color="#FF1493" size="4" face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif "align="Center"> BIN KHO </FONT><B><BR><BR><BR> <font color="#CC00FF" size="2" face="Tahoma, Helvetica, sans-serif "align="justify"> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index4.185.html"> LC S VN NGH VIT NAM - K th 1</A> <BR><BR> <A href="http://newvietart.com/index4.188.html"> LC S VN NGH VIT NAM - K th 2</A> <BR><BR> <BR><BR><BR></BLOCKQUOTE><div align="center"> <Bgsound src= " " loop="1"> <EMBED src="http://newvietart.com/musiques/HOAICAM.wma" width="280" height="40" hidden="FALSE" autostart="TRUE" loop="1"></embed><BR><b><FONT SIZE="2" COLOR="#3300FF" FACE="Times New Roman" sans-serif> Mi bn m  nghe <BR> Hoi Cm ca nhc s) Cung Tin. </DIV><BR><BR><BR><BR><BR> <td width="700" rowspan="0" align="center" valign="top" BGCOLOR=#FFFFFF> <BLOCKQUOTE><BR><BR><BR><BR> <BR><BR> <div align="center"> <img src="images/thephongluocsuvannghe1.jpg" border="0" width="400" height="320" alt=""> <BR><FONT SIZE="2" color="#590054" FACE="Times New Roman" sans-serif><BR> <BR><BR><BR> <div align= center > <img src="images/luocsuvannghevietnam.gif" border="0" width="400" height="220" alt=""> <BR><BR> </DIV></strong> </FONT><BR><BR><BR> </B></DIV><div align="justify"> </DIV><div align="justify"> </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> <span style="FONT-SIZE: 15pt; FONT-FAMILY: &#39;Times#39;; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><font color="#9900FF"> THAY LI DN </DIV><div align="justify"> </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 20pt 0cm 5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> <span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: &#39;Times#39;; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"> Lc S Vn Ngh Vit Nam ca nh vn Th Phong gm 4 tp,  c in 2 tp: Tp 1 NH VN TIN CHIN 1930-1945, bn in rono u tin  Si Gn gm 100 cun vo nm 1959. Bn ti bn cu NXB Vng Son in 3000 cun  SiGn vo nm 1974. Bi cu ha s) Nguyn Trng Khi c chp in li trn y , do mt trong nhng NXB v danh  M in lu  California sau 1975 v Tp 4 : Tng Lun  chuyn ng A BRIEF GLIMPSE AT THE VIETNAMESE SCENE (from 1900 to 1956) v 2 tp 2 & 3 ni v vn ngh khng chin, nh vn hu chin 1900 - 1956 (vn ngh quc gia hay vn ngh ca VNCH) cha bao gi cng b trn vn n, mc d  c lu tr ti mt s th vin TRONG NC (Th vin Khoa hc Tng hp Tp. HCM, Th vin Khoa hc X hi Tp.HCM) v NGOI NC nh  Th vin Quc hi Hoa K, Boston, Ithaca-New York, SIU, IOWA vv..hoc  Php, c, c.. </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 10pt 0cm 5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> Newvietart xin ng ti li mt vi nhn nh bo ch, vn gii v Lc S Vn Ngh khi xut bn ln u vo 1959 : </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 10pt 0cm 5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> a) Tp ch Bch Khoa:" ..ng TPhong va cho ra mt lot ph bnh vn hc.  l ai ny u mong i, bi v sau mt thi gian kh lu cha ai tip tay Vi Ngc Phan, chc  mi my nm tri' ng mt thi gian lun lc cu c Kiu...."( s 56, nm 1959, TRIU U) <BR> </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 10pt 0cm 5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> b) ng TP mt vn ngh s) th  va vit xong v cho pht hnh cun" Lc s Vn Ngh VN", trong  tc gi phn tch cc tc phm ca vn ngh s) ra i t 1930 n 1945. Cun ny c quay rono c by bn ti cc hiu sch. Sch ny tc gi  tn nhiu cng phu v su tm kh nhiu ti liu  bin son (nht bo Ngn Lun ngy 8/9/1959- Saigon). <BR> </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 10pt 0cm 5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> c) ..." iu th ba, s phn on ca anh hp vi ti, phn nhiu cc tc phm anh khen, th ti cing nhn l c gi tr; nhng tc phm anh ch, th ti cing khng thch. cc nhn xt cu anh v Triu Sn, Hong Thu ng u ng c.  l nhn xt ca ti; ti phi phc sc c, sc vit, sc nh cu anh. Cm n anh mt ln na.." (Nguyn Hin L, 12/3c K ng, Saigon 3- ngy 17/4/1959) <BR> </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 10pt 0cm 5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> d) Nguyt san Sinh Lc (1959, Ch nhim: V vn Trng- Saigon) :"...Hm nay Th Phong cn c th t nhiu nhm ln-nhng vi kh nng rt ro ca tui tr, vi lng yu vn ngh n am m, anh cn nhiu bc i ngc nhin trn lnh vc n  o xi li mnh t hoang ph bnh co lun b b qun trong nhiu nm. S c gng ca Th Phong l s c gng hon ton vn ngh, cu mt ngi vn ngh bit mm ci trong s ngho tng bn thn mnh  hin chiu di cho vn hc s. Cing c i khi ta thy Th Phong ph phn c v c ti v tn nhn na; nhng ta vn thy rng:  l s c ti v tn nhn khng c tnh cch t cao, t i; hoc dao to ba ln; (tri li) nhiu tinh thn thm m, d) nhin l c ch quan. Ta qu s nhn thc y- v anh dm ni- cing nh ngi khc c dm ci li hay khng l quyn ca h.." (L Cng Tm - Thanh Hu, nh vn). <BR> <BR> e) Le Journal d'Extrme Orient (Saigon, 3 Dcembre 1959)" Lc s vn ngh Vit nam-Hisotire de la littrature vietnamienne". Histoire sommaire de la littrature vietnamienne, u l'auteur passe en revue les crivains d'avant guerre 1930-1945. Cette oeuvre est tire sur rono avec une tirage limite. Fruit de minuitieuses recherches et d'une riche documentation donne une vue d'ensemble des diverses poques et tendances des crivains, des potes du Vietnam, de leurs oeuvres, d'une littrature riche de plusieurs millnaires suivant le cours de l'Histoire. C'est une synthse remarquablement coordonn annote parle critique minent qu'est ThPhong qui l'acheve dans les derniers jours de Juin 1956 <BR> <BR> ( in  cui sch "LSVNVN-Nh vn tin chin 1930-1945 ca ThPhong, NXB Vng Son Saigon 1974)... <BR> <BR> T Vi v Newvietart chn thnh cm t nh vn Th Phong  cho php ng ti ton b tp Lc S Vn Ngh, ti liu khng th thiu cho nhng ngi yu chung vn chng ngh thut Vit Nam, c bit cho nhng ngi mun khch quan su tra s liu .<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BLOCKQUOTE> </DIV><div align="CENTER"> </B><FONT SIZE="3" COLOR="#9900FF" FACE="Arial" sans-serif> <BR><BR> </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 5pt; TEXT-INDENT: 45pt"> <span style="FONT-SIZE: 15pt; FONT-FAMILY: &#39;Times#39;; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><font color="#0000FF"> <B>Tit 1<BR><BR><BR> </DIV><div align="justify"> KHI QUT V VN NGH TIU T SN<BR> <BR> <BR> <span style="FONT-SIZE: 15pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 13.0pt"><font face="Times New Roman"> T Vn Ngh Thuc a Na Phong Kin, Lng Mn n Tiu T Sn. </B><BR><BR> <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Sau phong tro vn ngh phi thai na thuc a phong kin lng mn Hong Ngc Phch, H Biu Chnh l thi k chuyn tip vn ngh tiu t sn ca T Lc vn on. Bt ngun  cuc cch mng Nguyn Thi Hc; Vit Nam Quc Dn ng tht bi, Nht Linh, Hong o ng ln t chc T Lc vn on. Theo lp lun ca Trng-Tu-Nguyn-Bch-Khoa nhm Hn Thuyn; th T Lc vn on l sn phm x hi cch mng bng phng tin vn chng do linh mc Cras (2)  u. Linh mc ny sau lm b th cho ton quyn Decoux. Trng Tu  kch li vn chng cch mnh xa lng (ln n Lnh Lng ca Nht Linh:  Lnh Lng" ng nm ra khi t sch gia nh v li vn khiu dm . V s xi gic ca li vn chiu i y, ng ct ngh)a cho c gi hiu th no l hnh-ng-lc. ng kt lun:  Ch c nhng ngi no c t tng nht nh tnh nt c lp mi trnh c sc thi min ca nhng hnh nh xu sa v quyn ri t trong mt cun vn bng mt ngn bt ti hoa . <BR><BR> <B>Hon Cnh Lch S</B> <BR><BR> <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nm 1930, Nguyn Thi Hc, Ph c Chnh, Nguyn Khc Nhu... vi cuc cch mng chng thc dn Php thng tr khin cc ngnh bo v an ninh thc dn, cng an ch p nhn bn nhc tiu dn tc. Cing v th, c bit bao th lnh: lnh kh , kh xanh, mt thm ca S Lim phng khng b bt c mt ngi dn Vit no yu nc chng li. Nht l sau khi VNQD tht bi, ngnh kim duyt sch bo i vi tnh hnh vn ngh thi y v cng cht ch. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nhm T Lc vn on khai sinh t do y, nhng v lnh t nhm trn l VNQD sau ny. Mt Nguyn Tng Tam chnh khch, mt Khi Hng-Trn-Khnh Gi b phe i lp th tiu vo nm 1947. ng li ca nhm ban u n chng cui khng phi ch  pht huy vn ngh thun ty, m chnh  ph bin t tng cch mng. Nm 1941, T Lc vn on b khng b, Nguyn Tng Tam sang Tu, cn Khi Hng v Hong o b vy bt ro rit. S cnh gic t tng c gi ca nhm T Lc vn on l mt thi  rt vn ha. <BR><BR><BR> </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> <span style="FONT-SIZE: 15pt; FONT-FAMILY: &#39;Times#39;; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><font color="#0000FF"> </DIV><div align="CENTER"> <B> Tit 2 <BR><BR> KHI HNG <BR> Trn Khnh Gi (1896  1947)</B><BR><BR> </DIV><div align="JUSTIFY"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: &#39;Times#39;; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"> <B>Tiu S.</B><BR><BR> </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> <img src="images/KhaiHung.jpg" border="0" width="120" height="200" align="right" alt=""> Khi Hng tn tht Trn Khnh Gi. Sinh nm 1896  C Am (Hi Dng) v mt nm 1947. Gp Nht Linh vo nm 1931. L nh vn ch lc trong T Lc vn on vit cho bo Phong Ha, Ngy Nay, c quan chnh yu ca nhm. Sau nm 1945, ng l mt trong nhng ngi ch trng tun bo Chnh Ngh)a v nht bo Vit Nam, c quan ca Vit Nam Quc Dn ng. Ngy 27 thng 12 nm 1946, Khi Hng b khng chin bt v a i an tr  Lc Qun (Chin, Ph L) ri t  mt tch.<BR><BR> <B>Tc Phm.</B><BR><BR> </B><p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Tc phm u tay ca Khi Hng, cun Hn Bm M Tin v cing l cun u tin ca nh xut bn i Nay (c quan n lot ca T Lc vn on) in vo nm 1933. Ri tip n Na Chng Xun (1934), Gnh Hng Hoa (vit chung vi Nht Linh, 1936), Trng Mi (1936), Dc ng gi bi (1936), Anh phi sng (vit chung vi Nht Linh, 1937), Ting sui reo (1937), Tc ly (1937), i ch (1939), Tha t (1940), Tiu sn Trng s) (1946), Hnh (1940), Nhng ngy vui (1941), p (1941), i mi lch (1941), ng bnh (1942), Gia nh, Thot ly, Bn khon, i ma gi (vi Nht Linh) do nh Phng Giang ti bn sau tin chin. Nm 1945, ng vit truyn ngn vi lun  cch mng chng phong kin, t  tng ng trn tun bo Chnh Ngh)a nh truyn ngn Li nguyn, Khi hng... <BR><BR> <B>Phn Loi Tiu Thuyt.</B><BR><BR> <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Khi Hng vit hai loi: truyn ngn, truyn di, dch th, kch. Th dch ca ng n hm nay cn c nhc li l bi Sonnet d Arvers. Truyn di chia ra lm nhiu loi, lng mn nh Hn bm m tin, Na chng xun, Trng mi. V phong tc tp qun nh Tha T, Gia nh& V phn tch tm l nh: Hnh, p, Bn khon& Truyn ngn nh Dc ng gi bi, Anh phi sng, i mi lch, Li nguyn, Nhung& V kch nh ng bnh, Tc lu& <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> V tiu thuyt lng mn nh Hn bm m tin v Na chng xun, tc gi qu say m vi  ti ca mnh, nn tm l nhn vt cing nh cch gii quyt b lch. V truyn ngn, Khi Hng thnh cng trong i ch, Anh phi sng v nht l sau ny trong Li nguyn, Nhung, cing nh truyn di phn tch tm l, thm kch gia nh, thnh cng rc r vo nm 1941 l cun Hnh ra i, tip theo l Bn khon, p. <BR><BR><B>Ngh Thut Vit.</B><BR><BR> <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Khi Hng cing nh Nht Linh, Thch Lam, Hong o c ti vit truyn. Thin bm vit truyn lm say m hp dn ngi c rt truyn cm, din t thi  lng trong t tng lun  thc tin, <img src="images/nhatlinh.gif" border="0" width="144" height="212" align="left" alt=""> khin ngi c cho rng truyn  c ngi th hin ri, m tc gi l ngi  sng hay mc kch sng. c gi khng th no ri c cun truyn ang xem (tt nhin, ti ni i tng ca c gi T Lc vn on hi y). C i khi li ngng i ba pht, hoc gi xem gn ht cun truyn, m vn cn thy tic r l chng i ti kt thc. Khi Hng lm say m ngi c nht l truyn ngn. Trong i ch, kt thc ca cun truyn bt ngi c sng s. Hoc gi trong Tng tri (trong tp Hnh) chng ta c xong, bun man mc nh  gp thin thn qua cn c mng tuyt p. Tnh cht m mng ca tiu t sn  bc l tuyt ch  y. Ct truyn tc gi k vic quen c T Trng L, mi ln qua , c mi tc gi nh c cho bng c mi thi. Nh c p nh ng tin, mi khi c r vo dng phi lao l mt bng. Ri quen l, nm sau tc gi ch mong c li  hu c th vng bng. Khng bit c i u, nh ca chuyn t bao gi khng ai hay v khng  li vt tch no. Tc gi nh li v din t ni nh y qua nhng dng vn bng by, p v cng: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  & Nm ngoi, ch mong mi m khng thy c T ra nh c& Ti m mm v tn tri ni bnh phong nhng cing khng tm c di tch c T k d y&  <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Tht bay bm, p nh gic mng thn tin hay ngi trn gian  v tin gii. Cm gic bun p xm chim lng ngi, <img src="images/vungocphan.jpg" border="0" width="136" height="174" align="left" alt=""> cm gic xao ng bt ngun t , th chnh s to c mt thi   ngi c l thnh cng tc gi. Ph bnh li truyn ngn Khi Hng, Vi Ngc Phan cho rng tc gi c lp cao nh Anatole France hay Hofmann, Edgar Po, ch trng thuyt hoi nghi. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> n i ch, ngh thut lch lm ca truyn ngn lai cng bc l r nt. Nht l thanh nin thiu n  my ai khng yu  tui hoa nin, m  d my ai yu ri khng vng vn: Hu duyn thin l nng tng ng, gp ngi p gia ng trong cuc du lch, nng ht xng cho vo xe hi nh vay mn chng thanh nin y. Ngi p ha hn mai mt gp g th d g m khng hn ngy ti ng. Ngng ngi thanh nin  ch i my ma thu vn bt m tn. Din t thi  nh nhung bun su y, Khi Hng vit: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  ...V bn b sng cao, khm cy vn yn lng nghing mnh soi bng xung mt nc ru xanh kh ng, nhng bi lau l st v nhn vn ng thng hng, bng trng long thong ln trong khng. Trn ngn i xa, ln my bc vn ngp ngng dng li& cng chng mong ngng ngi nm y, vn vt trm ngm mong ngng xun v&  <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ngh thut vit truyn di ca Khi Hng, nht l nhng cun v sau nh Bn khon chng hn, tiu thuyt lng mn nh Hn bm m tin, hoc Na chng xun bt ngun rt nhanh n loi truyn phn tch tm l, m x tinh vi hnh tng con ngi sng trong cng khong thi gian, khng gian vi tc gi, khin ngi c xp ng vo loi bt t. T Hnh n p, Bn khon i su vo tm l vi k thut vit trng thnh. Chng ta nh n vn ho quc t thi nay Constantin Virgil Gheorghiu, v h u c mt ngun (souche) vit tiu thuyt hp dn, ni dung vn mang vt tch i sng c nhn, bi cnh x hi, trit l c t li bng hnh tng, thi , cm gic. c gi no cing c th say sa vi Hnh, Bn khon, p; cing nh Gi th 25, May mn th hai, Ngi L hnh c n. Tnh tit sp t tht mi, khng cn dng khung cnh lng mn cu khch (lng mn tm thng khng dnh lu, hay cn thit cho ct chuyn) m ngh thut din t c lng vo hi vn c bit ca tc gi. Cing l mt loi tiu thuyt chnh tr ca Khi Hung nh Li nguyn, Nhung hoc ca Gheorghiu, Ehrenbourg, nhng h u khc nhau  im lp trng chnh tr. Tiu thuyt ca Khi Hng ni ln s ha ng cch mng ca nhc tiu quc cng vi hon cnh chnh tr nm 1945, Gheorghiu ln n t bn, pht xt c ti, dn Do Thi l nn nhn ca mi ch , nhng ng  cao nh th v ng cho rng ch c nh th v thi s) c th cu nhn  th  thi tao lon m thi (ci thc ca tn gio v lng tm ca thi s)). Ehrenbourg vit tiu thuyt vi ngh thut tham lam ch ngh)a; nn i khi ng bt chp c din tin ca tm l, tnh cm hnh tng, gic quan con ngi hm nay, t to mt mu ngi anh hng, ri  cao nhn vt y, bt buc con ngi cng thi th hin. Chnh v th, tiu thuyt co lun ca Ehrenbourg l bn n qu thin v mt ch ngh)a  gii quyt v kt thc; khin cho ngi c khng cn khch quan theo di. Nhng cun Cn bo, Paris tht th  khc hn cc tiu thuyt cn bn ca Nga, ca Dostoevsk, Lon Tolsto& <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ngh thut vit tiu thuyt, thit tng rng khng th nh vn no c th khuyn nh vn no, nn vit theo ng li ny hay ng li kia. Mi nh vn c mt hon cnh v hon cnh y to cho mi nh vn mt th gii ring. Nu ch theo mt con ng  khai thc, th vn ngh b tri cht theo mt ng li; nh th c hi cho s khai thc mi chiu trong x hi. Ngi ta khng th khuyn Khi Hng nn vit nh Vi Trng Phng hay tri li. <img src="images/vutrongphung.jpg" border="0" width="147" height="183" align="right" alt=""> Cing khng nn nh Andr Maurois khuyn rng: "nu vit tiu thuyt th khng nn by t ch ngh)a chnh tr hay trit hc". V ng cho rng ch ngh)a chnh tr hay trit hc y nn sp vo mt ngnh: vn ngh lun. Ni th l lm, l l lun ca bn ngi (ngh thut v ngh thut, art pour art) khng hp vi trnh  i hi con ngi hm nay. Ph bnh mt tc phm ch nn nhn nh tc phm y c ngh thut cao so vi loi truyn y khng, v vit c truyn c hnh tng thi th c ngh thut l trnh  cao, l thi  bit em i sng vo vn chng, nh Bertrand Russell quan nim: ghi chp i sng dn vo trit l nhn sinh. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Tr v Khi Hng, vi Bn khon, p v na, Hnh, chng ta thy rng  p v Bn khon rt kh tm tt ct truyn, ngh)a l kh tm tt y  tnh tit. George Duhamel, nh vn hin i ca Php rt thch loi ny. V ng cho rng cuc sng thc tin cing nh trong truyn rt kh m tm tt, nh vy c ngh)a l  c khung mt cun tiu thuyt hay. <BR><BR><B>Chu nh Hng Ty Phng.</B><BR><BR> <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Khi Hng l nh vn thm nhun t tng u Phng, cch hnh vn trong tiu thuyt  chng t iu y. Khng phi li vn di ging, khc trc, kh hiu, li thi, k l; nh tiu thuyt phi thai H Biu Chnh hay "T Tm" Hong Ngc Phch. Cch hnh vn sng sa, kt thc truyn t ngt, hp vi gic quan v tm l chuyn bin ca lp ngi ng thi. c vn ng, nht l truyn ngn nh chng ta va ni  trn, hng v bun man mc, ni ring. Truyn cm, ni chung, thong nh hoa thm trong truyn tnh Mi tnh u ca Tourguenieff, i khi i im cao sang nh Anna Karnine ca Lon Tolsto. Nh vn Khi Hng sinh trng trong mt gia nh trng gi, nn trong tiu thuyt ca ng khng th bnh dn, hoc i vo tng lp ngi ang sng  hang cng ng hm. V th, i khi ng t hnh nh nng thn th cnh y khng thot c hnh tng ca mt chic my nh ch chp c nhng g khch quan hoc di con mt ca ngi xa l nng thn. Tuy nhin, li t cnh nng thn rt p. Nh thin bm tiu thuyt, giu tng tng, ngh thut trnh by, cho nn nhng g vit thnh truyn u c chiu su (ni v cuc sng trng gi, th thnh) Nhn vt trong Bn khon chng t: ng sng trong lng trng gi rt nhiu. Tm tnh ca Ngh Hch trong Ging t ca Vi Trng Phng, th ch c Vi Trng Phng mi din t ni  v ng sng trong lng bn cung lon. V Nam trong p, th ch c mt Khi Hng mi lm trn c phn s mnh. <BR><BR><B>Cch Mng T Tng.</B><BR><BR> <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Vn Khi Hng u u, t bc l cch mng t tng trong tc phm nh Nht Linh  im, gia lc Php cn hng hch, bn tay sai th li, phong kin thc dn ch p, a tng, th Nht Linh li dm ln n chng trong i bn. Cn Khi Hng i vo chiu su con ngi hn l vn mnh. Nhng khng th trch Khi Hng ti sao li khng nh Nht Linh. T tng con ngi, nht l nh vn khng d g b buc vo khuynh hng no, mt khi tc gi khng am m thch th.  Nht Linh l ngi nui ch anh hng to thi th v Khi Hng nh thi th thay i. <BR><BR><B> Phn Tch Loi Tc Phm Chnh Ca Khi Hng:</B><BR><BR> <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  phn trn, chng ta  phn tch: Nht Linh l ngi nui ch anh hng to thi th v Khi Hng nh thi th thay i. Nh vy c bn cho rng chng ta qun mt tc phm Tiu Sn trng s) ca ng xut bn vo nm 1940: mt tc phm nui dng cch mng trc gi khi im. Xt tc phm trn, chng ta khng th ph nhn gi tr nui dng cch mng ca ng, nhng thc khng c thi  v ch nh i bn. V th cun Tiu Sn trng s) ch c gi tr t tng thc y gin tip (pense ractionnaire pileptique). Phn tch s nghip Khi Hng, chng ti nhn chn ng qua nhng tc phm s trng, gi l loi truyn phn tch tm l. in hnh cho loi ny, phi k n Hnh, Bn khon, p... <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ph bnh p l ph bnh chung cho loi truyn trn. Trc khi phn tch, chng ta cng im qua tiu thuyt l tng ca ng sai v phn l tng  ch no? Sau Dng Qung Hm n Vi Ngc Phan, mi y l Tam ch vi cun Vn Ngh v Ph Bnh (Nam Vit xut bn, 1949). Ph bnh Khi Hng, Tam ch vit: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  & Khi Hng c th vit mt vn bi bo  bnh vc thi  khch quan ca mnh, Khi Hng cing khng th chi t c mt s thc m c l Khi Hng khng tha nhn: Khi Hng  mun cho i tnh thng tn gio trong cun Hn Bm M Tin v mun cho c nhn ra khi gia nh trong cun on Tuyt, hnh phc c nhn trong cun Lnh Lng. Lun qun trong by nhiu vn , nh vn   l thi i t tng mnh trong tc phm. V cu cnh ca ngh thut Khi Hng l  mt x hi mt s ngi. S ngi ny c Khi Hng v ly ci trit l l m y lm trit l nhn sinh. Cing nh ngi ta c Kim Vn Kiu vn nh:  Bt phong trn phi phong trn (trang 41) <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> im th nht, Tam ch ph bnh ng. Khi Hng  mun cho i tnh thng tn gio - tuy nhin trong s c y li mun Lan ni c c t tng cao thng, nn cho Ngc v H Ni. Ri Lan c nh b cha Long Ging i tu cha khc. Sau li cho Ngc ln thm Lan v ng sut i khng ly ai, ch sng trong th gii o mng, trong tnh yu l tng. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> Ngc ni: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  ... Gia nh? Ti khng c gia nh na. i gia nh ca ti nay l ca nhn loi, l vi tr m tiu gia nh ca ti l hai linh hn ca i ta n np di bng T Bi Pht T &  T tng yu bng bt y khng ng vng, v Ngc ln thm Lan lun lun, bn nng sn vng v, tnh yu xc tht s thng. Ci ln qun ca Khi Hng l nh th! <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> im th hai, Tam ch nhm, v on tuyt v Lnh lng l ca Nht Linh. Nh vy Tam ch  khng c k Khi Hng v quyt on t tng Khi Hng ng ch, th lm sao c iu kin chnh ng; nu khng ni l ci kh ca mt k mun ph bnh m khng bit i tng k b ph bnh cho n ni n chn. Cing nh Tam ch  c gan ph bnh "G kh" Dostoievsk l nhn vt bnh (morbidit); nhng ng cha h c cun sch y (xem li ch thch ca ng trong Vn ngh v ph bnh, trang 43) <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Trc khi ph bnh Khi Hng ta nn cn nhc hon cnh sng to ca tc gi. Gia mt thi i thc dn thng tr mt t do, c lp nm trong tay bn thc dn phong kin; vic kim sot t tng ngt ngho, th s t do sng to rt kh khn. Khng phi l d dng nh ta ph bnh: sao nh vn ny ch t lng mn, ni u u, khng nu ln thc trng x hi. iu th hai l ni tm v cuc i tc gi bao gi cing i i vi tc phm. V mt khi c lp trng sng ca mnh ri, nhn bi cnh cuc i em vo truyn, s c t ng chn la theo quan nim c. Cho nn lp trng ngi vit vi ngi ph bnh khc nhau. V th ngi ph bnh phi m rng khuynh hng  nhn v nh gi mt tc gi ch nn nhn xem tc phm tc gi trong khuynh hng y t mc ch ngh thut cao cha? Cn na, khng th nhn truyn Kiu  by gi   kch Nguyn Du ch trng thuyt nh mnh lc hu hoc ph bnh Nh  Mai phong kin h ha; l thi Nh  Mai cn cp tin hn ch  b lc. Nh vy, ph bnh Khi Hng ta phi t tc phm y song hnh vi hon cnh chnh tr thi y. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> p l cun tiu thuyt ca Khi Hng vit v cuc i ngh s). ng vit v ha s) Nam l bn hc ca Bin. Bin ly v sm c con sm. Con gi u lng ca Bin l Lan. Trc kia Nam n chi, Lan cn b hay theo ch i chi. Bng i su nm, th: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  & Bng nm ngoi, i chi vnh H Long lc tr v, Nam r vo thm Qung Yn v gp Bin  y. Gia nh Bin  thay i khc xa. V Bin m hp, da nhn trng c v gi, tuy mi ba mi su tui. Nhng s bin i bt ng cho Nam nht l Lan khng cn ngy th nh trc na. Nay Lan  l mt c gi dy th, hai m  hy hy, ci ngc n nang nh cha y sinh lc. Lan hin hc nm th ba trng ng Khnh v ngh h v nh c mt thng. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> Thot nhn thy Nam, Lan vui ci chp tay cho, v nng vn nhn c ch nm xa. Nhng nng khng dm v vp, nht li thy Nam ng ngc v lng tng ng u nh p l mt ngi n b cha tng quen bit&  <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> ng rt tm l, khi t mt ngi thanh nin cha v, nhn thy ngi con gi p, d xa kia  cht ng vai ch chu cing khng mun rng buc mnh vo l php,  khng c t do chim c sau ny. ng t theo ng gic quan. Cn vai Lan, nng khng dm v vp, cing ng, v l nng  ln v thi  ca ch nm xa l l. Thm m ngh s) bt u chuyn n nhp yu, cho nn hn mt tun l sau, Nam li ra Qung Yn v Lan. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> y l cuc m thoi gia Nam v Lan bui u: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  & Ch c h vi thy chu khng nh ? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nam lc u mm ci, cho nng l qu tht th. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Chu c tng th no cing hi c h mt t, nn chng chu mi gi ng l ch. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Th ny ny: ch ngy xa ti l bn ca thy& <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Lan mm ci ngt li: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Vy ra, ng cng hc mt lp vi thy y... <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> Cuc m thoi tht t nh, d dm. Tm l con ngi, nhng ngi thng cha cm thy, cha din t c, ng  lm cng vic ca ngi k s tm hn din t thay. Lan bit Nam khng phi l ch tht ca mnh, s chuyn bin t ch sang ng, tc gi  cho s din t ht sc t nhin. Sau  Lan li hi: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  & - Nu th th c l ng nhiu tui ri y nh? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nam cha tng ngh) n tui bao gi, t ngy chng bit hng lc th  i, chng tng nh tui chng ng li. V chau my suy ngh), kh chu nhng Lan  chu  chng yn? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nm nay ng bao nhiu nh? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ri Lan ni tip lun: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ngi Ty, h king hi tui lm kia y, nhng An Nam mnh gp nhau rt hay hi tui c phi khng ch nh? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nam ci: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> An Nam mnh cing nhiu ngi hay giu tui nh vy. Nht khi c li. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Lan lm b ngy th: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> C li g c ng? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Chng hn mt ngi n ng ng trc mt mt c thiu n tr hn mnh nhiu qu, th qun h bt tui mnh xung dm nm. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Lan yn lng, nh khng nghe thy cu tr li ca Nam. V Nam cing yn lng ci xung v. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Bng chng ni: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> M ti cha tr li cu hi ca& Lan nh? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nm nay ti bm hai& gi qu ri! <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Lan ci rt xinh: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Gi g m gi. Ba mi hai tr lm ch. Thy m con bo ch cha c v c thc khng ch? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Thc y Lan . Ni l ch khng ly v th ng hn. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ch c ni di dt. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Thc y ch! Ch qu quyt lm ri. Nhng Lan ngi yn cho ch nh mt t&  <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Vai Nam ng din t rt ng. Mt thanh nin v v gi, mc cm cho nn lc no phi xng tui vi mt thiu n tr hn mnh cing km theo nhng cu nhin nhn, c thit v phn mnh; hoc cha gi lm th gi lm,  ngi nghe mnh tng bc li, cho l mnh cn tr. Ngh)a l khng my ai li khng hi tui mnh  trng hp y c. n on t nh nh hi ch c v thc cha rt tinh t. Tc gi  cho Lan ni nhiu hn, hoc xng h ng, ch, con, chu, v Nam ni rt t, nu c, khng bao gi gi Lan bng chu m ch xng h tn tht ca nng. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Cha ht, mu m thoi v cng lch lm: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">   V Lan bo ti gin Lan, vy ti gin v c g? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  V con nhn thy tng lai ca ng. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  Khng phi nh! V Lan hm hnh, tinh qui nh! <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Lan lc u chn nn: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  L thc! ng cing nh con, c nht nh bt con ngy th mi. ng phi bit nm nay con mi by tui ta, mi su tui ty ri. Con khng phi l tr con na. Nu sang nm con u Thnh Chung th con s xin b lm gio hc, v s cm thc b ln u cc tr em... by gi ng mi chu cho con l ngi ln chng? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  Cing cha l ngi ln c. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  Vy bao gi con mi l ngi ln? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nam mm ci: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  Khi no c chng, c con Lan mi l ngi ln. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Lan nhn Nam trng trc: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  Vy ng cing cha l ngi ln c, v hin ng cha c v c con&  <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Phi ni rng ng sng qua nhiu th h, t th h Nam, ri th h tr gn gii, tm hiu chng i qua ri m Lan ang sng; th ng mi c ging vn kinh nghim, t tnh lch duyt n th! Ta c xong, mt cm gic d dm, yu i, phc quan nim v ngi ln khi Lan mi su tui, sau nng s tr thnh c gio. Nng c tnh yu sm, song trng thi cha n nh, cha th quyt nh rng yu c th ly c nhau, c ly nhau mi yu nhau& Cn Nam, mt thanh nin  tri qua yu ng (ba mi hai) nhng li yu li (retour d ge) mun yu nhng khng t th l mnh yu. Cho nn mn li, mn hon cnh, mn thi  tng ng, bt c cch no lng c lng yu ng, tm tnh thm c yu ca mnh, l ni ln bng nhng cu yu ng bng by.  l tm s ca Nam. i khi v qu say m vi nhn vt ca mnh, Khi Hng  cho vai Lan lun v ci p qu sc hiu bit  tui Lan: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  & - ng vin ngh thut, con cing xin vin ngh thut. Ngh thut l p ch g. Ngi d cm ci p l ngh s), m ci p hon ton nht, ngi ta c ni xu mi mc lng bao gi cing vn l con ngi. Vy sao ng khng cm c ci hon cnh y. ng cha cm l v ng cha gp c ngi ng cm  thi& <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> & ng phi bit Goethe ngoi by mi cn cm trc hnh nh thiu n hai mi tui..." n phn ng t Nam tr v H Ni, tm l Nam tin theo  sinh hot bnh thng, khng nhanh qu, khng chm qu. y: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  ...Chng bun ru t nh: mnh v hi c v t ngt v chng yn ch rng v chng Bin u lu n s t ngt y. S thc, v chng ngi bn ch gi ly l v chng ra i gia s vui v, trc mt gn khp gia nh y n tn t  tin bit chng. Nam cn nh trng thy my ci bn tay nh xu gi tay ra vy, my hm rng trng nut nhe ra ci, khi xe bt u t t ln trn ng nha... <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ch thiu mt mt Lan. V Nam, loay hoay t hi: Ti sao Lan khng tin mnh? V Lan t cho l ln ri? V l! Mi hm no cng cc em i do ph vi chng. Lan c t ngng ngng u? V Lan gin chng? Cng v l hn. Lan khng h gin ai v trong hai ngi chnh chng b Lan tru tc v ng gin Lan hn. Thiu Lan nhiu ngi nhn thy ngay. Li em lao xao hi nhau ch Lan u? Ch Lan khng i ? V Bin bo v: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  ...Ni xong ci to v thng thn. Bin vn coi Lan nh mt a b cha bit g v khng tng ngh) n ci tui mi by ca con. C l v th m Lan mun lnh mt cha m  ni cng chng nht l trc mt Nam m  ni chuyn bng mt ging ngi ln v ngang hng&  <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> c xong, ta thy tc gi khng v tha mt nhn vt no i qu hn nh ca Nam. V mc cm, khi Nam  chm yu Lan. Nn tm hiu t mt thi  nho nh, thi  i ng, ngh) ngi ca nng ri t mnh kt thc u l hp l. n nhng a b, tm l ca nhng a b tiu t sn, ng v rt ng, t thi  lao xao, chng ku l khng thy Lan. V chuyn tip n Bin, v Bin. Hnh ng ca Bin rt v tnh. Khng ngh) rng Nam c th yu con mnh, khi Bin coi Nam l ngi bn ci ngang hng t lc i hc. V Lan cn tr con. Giai on Bin ni vi v l dng ca Khi Hng nhc n tn, n thi  ca hu ht gia nh Bin. Nht l Lan, ng phn tch rt kho lo, Lan khng mun cng i vi cha m, v li c Nam th nng sao c quyn coi ngang hng? Thi  yu chng t rt im nhin. y l giai on Lan n thm Nam, ng vit: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  ...Lan ! V l ! Lan n y lm g ? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Chng t hi v lng tng. i vi gi chng thnh tho bao nhiu th i vi cc c thiu n con nh chng ngng ngp by nhiu. t khi c dp chng tip xc vi cc c v cc b... <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Tm trng ca Nam, ngh s),  tng c c c gi im sng chung (Xuyn), cch x th khng phi lm bn lng Nam. Nam quan nim, h phi chiu mnh, c tin l gii quyt c tt c cc vn , trao i l xong xui cng vic. Nhng gp cc c con nh lnh, Nam cm thy mnh phi c bn phn lch thip chiu chung h nn lng tng. Vi mt c gi mi ln, nu khng c ngi khc tha nhn theo s mong mun ca mnh, s bc bi. y: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  & ng ch o c ca chu i ! Ch cam oan chu qu qut lm. Ch coi chu nh a tr mi mt, mi hai sao?... <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> C l qu l tng cho tui ln ca Lan. Khi Hng li mc vo mt on rt hng v t ci bit qu sc hiu bit ca Lan  tui bit: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  ...Tranh sn du v nh mt ngi p m ngi ta tn knh ng xa  ngm. Tranh sn ta v nh mt ngi p m ngi ta thch vut ve hn ngm ngha. C phi v th m ngi ta lm nhng bc bnh phong hay cnh ca t bng sn ta  by st bn cnh ngi ta khng? Nhn nhi qu v mt ri ri... <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Lan  tr thnh b lo bn ngh thut hi ha Trung Hoa, hiu c mun v trng th t my; hoc lng trong trit l su xa c v thn b, m nng cha th no c lp lun  tui y. y l on ni v Lan tht ha n thm Nam. Nng vit th t li ha s) qua ging vn nh sau: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  Tha ng, <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Em xin li ng, v em  sai hn. Li y  mt phn c gio Mi em, nhng em cing xin nhn c. C gio em v l qu, ng . Ai li c tiu thuyt trong gi khu m pht cm ra ch nht. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Chng trnh nh trng mi li cng v l ch! Sao khng dy con gi hc v nh con trai m li bt hc khu? Nhng vic n cng y sau ny ca chng em l khu v sui i chng? Nu qu th th cing bun ng nh? i ngi phi l mt i ngh s), mt i ha s), mi ng sng phi khng ng? Em ni th khng phi nnh ng u em khng thch nnh ai bao gi? Nhng em tin th. Sng cho ci p, sng  yu ci p, ni th c ng khng ng, hay khng c ngh)a g ht? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> y cn m mt du ngoc  cnh tnh ng my cu, hn ng cho php ch? Sng cho ci p nhng vn phi sng. Cn ng th chnh mng vi sng qu! Em ni th khng phi em khng nhn thy mc  sng ca ng mnh m, cao su l chng no? Nhng y em ni v phng din sng thng ca hng ngi& thi ni th  ri, ng s hiu. V n y ng ci du ngoc li  thut cho ng nghe cu chuyn b pht ra ch nht... <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nhn vt khng sng m thm vi vai tr na, g b, v vu; s  kch chng trnh gio dc ca bn thng tr thi by gi lng vo vai Lan pht biu. Nn on sau ta li thy ng qu say m vi vic tip tc  kch, cho vai Lan tr thnh mt nh gio dc, no l khng c c sch m sch y l ca Andr Gide (Giao hng ng qu, Khung ca hp,  nh Thch dch). V li ph bnh nh trit nhn: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  ...S thc, ngi y ch m, sinh ra  m, ch khng cm. Ngi y khng ni c l v t thu nh  vi b:  Ngi cht m b khng ni mt cu & Em th thy v l, v s thc ch c mt. Ci p cing ch c mt. Ci p tng tng trong khi m vn l ci p trc mt khi  sng. Li l cho thiu n khng bit nhn hay nhn sai v qung la trong nh sng t ngt rc r... <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  y khng nhn chn gi tr v ph bnh Gide ng hay khng? Nhng ch ph bnh Khi Hng  khng cho nhn vt khc Lan ni ln li trn (Nam chng hn) m t vo c b mi by, mi tm nh Lan th hi qu! C l ng vit xong on trn, ri ngh) thy v l ca mnh; nn ngay cng trang, ng cho Nam ph bnh c trit l ca Lan: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  ...Nam c mt mch ht bc th. Ri vn v my mnh giy trong tay, chng xem li tng on. Chng thy Lan trit l, trit l qu. V chng mm ci t nh:  Bn h mi ln ln, h vn th, nht l v bn ph n. H thch trit l lm. Bt c mt vic g d n gin n u h cing c mt trit l su xa  trong... <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> By gi n on cho c gi mt cm gic thi v, ng ngh)nh ca Nam nh Tu, anh rut Nam i hi Lan lm v cho Nam: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">   ... ti hy hi ch, lc by gi ch xng h ra lm sao? Khi chp tay cho v chng Bin:  Ly thy m, con v thm thy me  liu ch c ngng mm khng? <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Nam   mt ci li: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  Cn g! Em ni ting Php! <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> V Tu  mm ci tip lun: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  Ni ting Php vi c v Bin v cc con nh ca Bin...? <BR><BR><B>Kt Lun.<BR><BR></B> <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ct truyn rt thng, nhng trong ci thng y, tc gi vit linh ng say m, hp dn l mt iu kh, khng phi nh vn no cing thc hin c. Ngi ta c Tourguenieff thy hon cnh to nhn vt rt thng, nh Zassekine c rt nhiu ngi yu,  loi c tr thc. Nhng ring cu Vladimir Prtovitch mi su tui li c yu hn ht& ri Zassekine ly chng, Prtovitch qun nng. Nhng sau chng n i hc ng th gp mt ngi cng yu Zassekine k cho nghe, nng  cht ri. V Prtovitch c th ca nng gi cho trc pht lm chung, trong  nng th thc nng yu chng hn ht& <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ct truyn c th, chi tit li khng thng, tm l nhn vt khng d my ai vit c hn Tourguenieff, th mi tnh u hay p  thnh cng cing nh ng  thnh cng trong Bn khon hay Hnh, Li nguyn, Nhung. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Ph bnh my mc theo duy vt lch s, nhn ci  qua vi con mt trc li hin ti, chng ti mun ngh) ngay rng:  Sao ngi ta khng sinh ra i  l thnh ngay m phi tri qua nhng ci g l tm thng, khc oe oe, hay vi, lm ning,  n mt  ln no t mn ( tm gi khi trng thnh) cho rng qu vng ca mnh khng mun c  by gi . <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Chng ti tr li thi  ph bnh Khi Hng ca ng Tam ch, v ng  mc vo li ph bnh y: <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt">  ...V ngh thut tiu thuyt, khng phi mi lc li c th c mt Khi Hng hay mt Nht Linh. Phi bao nhiu nm mi li kim c nhng vn s) y? Ch tit mt iu l phn ni dung ca ngh phm ca h khng hp vi tro lu na v ng trn thc h th ngh s) ny  i lp vi ngh s) kia. Khi Hng i lp vi Nguyn nh Thi chng hn v Nguyn Tun i lp ngay vi Nguyn Tun tin chin tranh (trang 47, Vn ngh v ph bnh ca Tam ch). <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 0pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"> Chng ti c ngh) khi hi rng gi Nguyn Tun hay Nht Linh, Khi Hng sm thc thi nh li ng Tam ch ph bnh, ch nn i n lc no ng Tam ch h ln:  l ng thc h sng tc; th cc ng mi nn sng tc. V nh th mt ngi trng thnh ri c nn ghen vi tui tr ca con mnh c thc hn khi mnh l tr con khng? Hi l tr li vn  i lp thc h nh ng Tam ch, quan nim sng tc v ph bnh vy. <p class="MsoBodyText" style="MARGIN: 10pt 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 20pt"><div align="left"> Khi Hng l mt nh vn ca T Lc vn on  li nhng trang tiu thuyt v cng lch lm, c th gi l ngi u tin bit vit tiu thuyt trong lch s cc thnh ca vn chng Vit Nam  giai on u.(3) <BR><BR> __________________________________________________ <B><FONT SIZE="4" color="#FF33CC" FACE="Arial" sans-serif> <BR><BR> CN TIP ... <BR><BR> <BR><BR> <img src="images/thephong100.jpg" border="0" width="250" height="100" alt=""> <BR><BR><BR><div align="left"> <B><FONT SIZE="4" color="#FF3333" FACE="Arial" sans-serif> CM NG TI LI NU KHNG C S NG CA TC GI V NEWWVIETART . </B> <BR><BR><BR><BR><BR> <div align="center"> </BLOCKQUOTE></BLOCKQUOTE></BLOCKQUOTE> </font></strong></p> <FORM> <SELECT NAME="menu" SIZE="1" OnChange="top.location=menu.options[menu.selectedIndex].value;"> <OPTION SELECTED>MC LC TRANG BIN DCH V CC TC GA </OPTION> <OPTION VALUE="http://newvietart.com/index04.html"> TR V MC LC BIN KHO DCH THUT </OPTION> <OPTION VALUE="http://newvietart.com/index4.187.html">TR LI BIN KHO TRC</OPTION> <OPTION VALUE="http://newvietart.com/index4.189.html">BIN KHO TIP THEO </OPTION> <BR><BR><BR><BR><BR> <!-- Activate Cloaking Device //*************************************************************************** // // Radio Button LeapTo I // // by Tim Wallace (timothy@essex1.com) // // Uses radio buttons in place of a drop-down menu. // //*************************************************************************** // Called by an onClick in each radio button. function leapTo (link) { var new_url=link; if ( (new_url != "") && (new_url != null) ) window.location=new_url; else alert("\nYou must make a selection."); } // Called by View Source button - displays source of file. function viewSource() { var current_url=""; current_url=document.location; window.location="view-source:"+current_url; } // Called by Full Window button - loads file to full window for easy saving. function WinOpen() { alert('\nPage will load to full screen.\n\nUse View/Document Source from menu bar to view source.\n\nUse File/Save As from menu bar to save.\n\nClose new window to return to this page. 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